Σύνδεσμοι για Μουσεία/Πινακοθήκες
National Archeological Museum, Athens, Greece The National Archaeological Museum of Athens is the largest archaeological museum in Greece and one of the most important museums in the world devoted to ancient Greek art.It was founded at the end of the 19th century to house and protect antiquities from all over Greece, thus displaying their historical, cultural and artistic value.
Acropolis Museum, Athens, Greece In the year 2000, the Organization for the Construction of the New Acropolis Museum announced an invitation to a new tender, which was realized in accord with the Directives of the European Union. It is this Tender that has come to fruition with the awarding of the design tender to Bernard Tschumi with Michael Photiadis and their associates and the completion of construction in 2007.Today, the new Acropolis Museum has a total area of 25,000 square meters, with exhibition space of over 14,000 square meters, ten times more than that of the old museum on the Hill of the Acropolis. The new Museum offers all the amenities expected in an international museum of the 21st century.
National Gallery, Athens Greece The National Gallery was founded on April 10, 1900 by a law in which provision was also made for the assignment of a chief curator of the Foundation. The acclaimed painter Georgios Iakovidis was appointed in this position. The National Gallery’s operation regulation was legislated on 28/6/1900. Its early collections came from the National Technical University and the University of Athens. Substantial donations came to be added to these. Today, the National Gallery collections comprise more than 16,000 works of painting, sculpture, engraving and other forms of art; this is the treasury of Modern Greek art, encompassing the period from the post-Byzantine times until today. Moreover, the National Gallery owns a remarkable collection of Western European paintings. In 1954, the National Gallery merged with the Alexandros Soutzos Estate, hence its double name. The institutional role of the National Gallery is to collect, safekeep, preserve, study and exhibit works of art towards the aesthetic training of the public, the on-going education through art and the recreation that it is able to provide, as well as the self-awareness of the Greek people through the history of art, which expresses the national history on a symbolic level.
Museum of Cycladic Art, Athens, Greece The Museum of Cycladic Art is dedicated to the study and promotion of ancient cultures of the Aegean and Cyprus, with special emphasis on Cycladic Art of the 3rd millennium BC.It was founded in 1986, to house the collection of Nicholas and Dolly Goulandris. Since then it has grown in size to accommodate new acquisitions, obtained either through direct purchases or through donations by important collectors and institutions.
Byzantine & Christian Museum, Athens, Greece The Byzantine and Christian Museum, which is based in Athens, is one of Greece’s national museums. Its areas of competency are centred on – but not limited to – religious artefacts of the Early Christian, Byzantine, Medieval, post-Byzantine and later periods which it exhibits, but also acquires, receives, preserves, conserves, records, documents, researches, studies, publishes and raises awareness of.The museum has over 25,000 artefacts in its possession. The artefacts date from between the 3rd and 20th century AD, and their provenance encompasses the entire Greek world, as well as regions in which Hellenism flourished. The size and range of the collections and value of the exhibits makes the Museum a veritable treasury of Byzantine and post-Byzantine art and culture.
Benaki Museum, Athens, Greece The Benaki Museum ranks among the major institutions that have enriched the material assets of the Greek state. It is also the oldest museum in Greece operating as a Foundation under Private Law. Through its extensive collections that cover several different cultural fields and its more general range of activities serving more than one social need, the Benaki Museum is perhaps the sole instance of a complex structure within the broader network of museum foundations in Greece.
Frissiras Museum, Athens, Greece The Frissiras Museum, the only Museum for Contemporary European Painting in Greece, was inaugurated on November 27, 2000 by the President of the Republic Constantine Stefanopoulos and officially opened on December 4, 2000 by the Mayor of Athens Dimitris Avramopoulos. It was founded by the Vlassis Frissiras family, which is also responsible of the administration of the foundation, which consists a non-profit origination. The Frissiras Museum houses the private collection of its founder, Vlassis Frissiras. An attorney by profession but passionate about Art. He started collecting works by young Greek visual artists in 1978, with the resolute aim of putting together a collection made up exclusively of paintings centered on two axes: the human form and body, and representation, i.e. the figurative art that reinstates a method of painting which has been more or less marginalized by newer forms of art. In the 1990s, his interest turned to European artists.
Herakleidon Museum, Athens, Greece A private museum space in the heart of Athens, under the shadow of the Acropolis, opened its doors to friends of the fine arts in the summer of 2004. The exhibition program consists of artists who play or have played an important role in the evolution of Art.Mr. Paul Firos and his wife Anna-Belinda, collectors and art lovers, were inspired to create this new private museum by their love of neoclassic buildings and their commitment to preserve such buildings. This is combined with their desire to share with others their enthusiasm for the fine arts and thus contribute to the artistic life of Athens.The museum’s mission is to introduce visitors to the art of the exhibited artist, to show how the artist has evolved through the various important periods in his or her career, to explain the various techniques used by the artist to express his or her vision, and to help the visitors connect to both the artist’s life and work. To accomplish this, not only will works of the artist be on exhibit, but also preparatory sketches, drawings, photographs and personal items. Audiovisual and other aids provide complete and detailed information on the life of the artist, each phase of his or her work, and his or her techniques.
National Museum of Contemporary Art, Athens, Greece The National Museum of Contemporary Art began its operation in 2000. Its foundation came to cover a huge gap that the decades long absence of an analogous institution for contemporary international art had created in Athens.Our decision to start immediately with exhibitions and namely of mostly critical and experimental character, even without premises or collections, was dictated by exactly this need. Exhibitions of contemporary art were taking and still take place in Athens. But the responsibility of the Museum, which equally sets in the centre of its activities both works of art and the public, is not to act circumstantially but based on a organized plan that is being realized from exhibition to exhibition and aims at awakening sensitivities and formulate critical thought and aesthetic criteria: there are no museums without audiences. Still, there are no museums without collections. Until 2013, when the reconstruction of the former Fix brewery which will be the permanent premises of EMST will have been completed, a remarkable nucleus of works of art by Greek and international artists will have been developed, we compose collections of selective rather than encyclopaedic character, which promote advanced tendencies and critical explorations of the artistic present but also its historical depths which reach as far as the second half of the 20th century. Our goal, both by exhibitions and collections, is to offer all the Museum’s visitors, which remains an unreservedly democratic institution, the “other” dimension which in our time cannot be conceived outside transcultural and ecumenical patterns.
Vorres Museum, Peania, Attica, Greece The Vorres Museum is a cultural foundation that was established in 1983, with the purpose of promoting Greek art and culture, through a broad spectrum of activities, from the organization of exhibitions in Greece and abroad, to educational programs for children.The museum which sprawls over six acres, is divided into two main sections: the museum of contemporary Greek art and the folk art museum, both of which house collections that cover at least 2500 years of Greek history. The whole complex is laid out in a way that showcases the Greek spirit in a unique fashion. In the contemporary part, one of the most important and representative collections of its kind in the world is exhibited, comprising paintings, installations and sculptures by leading Greek artists, displaying a Greek interpretation of most of the international artistic currents of the second half of the 20th century.The folk art section, is an extraordinary complex of 19th century buildings, courtyards and gardens or rather a re-adaptation and readjustment of traditional Greek architectural features housing antiquities, icons, ceramics, popular artifacts and objects used in daily Greek life centuries ago, in a manner, revealing their inherent beauty and their practical use.The gardens, wild and consisting almost entirely of Mediterranean flora are an indispensable part of the museum being described by many as the most beautiful gardens in Athens.
Archeological Museum of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece The new Museum was inaugurated in 1962 in a grand ceremony, as part of the celebrations for the completion of 50 years since Thessaloniki’s liberation, exhibiting the impressive finds from the Derveni tombs, which had been found in the same year. An exhibition of sculptures from the Archaic to the Roman era followed, designed by Giorgos Despinis, professor of Archaeology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.The marvellous finds of the Royal Tombs at Vergina revealed by professor Manolis Andronikos, which were transferred to the Museum for storage and conservation as soon as they were found, necessitated a new display pattern and required the construction of a building extension. In 1982 a new exhibition was designed to display the finds from the cemetery of Sindos. The ephor of antiquities, Aikaterini Despini was responsible for both the excavation and the exhibition. In 1985, with the completion of 2300 years since the foundation of Thessaloniki by Cassander in 315 BC, the then director of the Museum, Julia Vokotopoulou organised the first major exhibition dedicated to the city’s history and archaeology.
Aigai Museum of the Royal Tombs of Macedonians, Vergina, Greece “Given our belief that the quintessence of the Macedonians’ contribution to civilization was the dialectic of the conservative-“traditional” and of the radical-“modern”, we decided that this exact ideological-aesthetic principle should govern all our efforts towards organizing, restructuring and promoting Aigai, this long forgotten royal centre that is slowly and arduously being retrieved from oblivion by archaeologists. With this assumption in mind and taking into account the site monuments’ particularities and protection requirements, as well as the urban planning model of the ancient city itself with its scattered urban structure, we adopted a “holistic” and dynamic approach to the archaeological site – museum – visitor connection by suggesting the creation of a multiform, multifunctional, flexible and constantly-evolving Polycentric Museum. This Museum will consist of distinct units scattered around, and will “embrace” and integrate the archaeological site while expanding with the aid of technology to the transcendental world of Virtual Reality and the World Wide Web”.
Louvre, Paris, France Founded in 1793 as a museum for all, it celebrates humanity’s long journey with the remarkable scope of a collection that spans thousands of years, reaches from America to the borders of India and China, and is highlighted by such iconic, universally admired works as the Mona Lisa, the Venus de Milo and the Victory of Samothrace.
Musée d’Orsay, Paris, France The history of the museum, of its building is quite unusual. In the centre of Paris on the banks of the Seine, opposite the Tuileries Gardens, the museum was installed in the former Orsay railway station, built for the Universal Exhibition of 1900. So the building itself could be seen as the first “work of art” in the Musee d’Orsay, which displays collections of art from the period 1848 to 1914.
Picasso Museum, Paris, France The museum was established in 1985 in the Hotel Salé, the large baroque hotel in the Marais district belonging to the city of Paris, under the supervision of the great architect Roland Simounet. It has welcomed more than 12 million visitors since its opening.
Musée Toulouse-Lautrec, Albi, France The Toulouse-Lautrec galleries were inaugurated at the Palais de la Berbie in 1922 with the help of an exceptional bequest from the Count and Countess of Toulouse-Lautrec.The Toulouse-Lautrec Museum is today an ambassador for the city of Albi and draws nearly 160,000 visitors annually, which places it among the top museums outside of Paris. Since 2001, it has undertaken an ambitious overhaul program which will put it among the great contemporary museums.
Musée Rodin, Paris, France A monographic museum, the Musée Rodin contains the largest collection of the sculptor’s works at two sites, in Paris, at the Hôtel Biron, and in Meudon, site of his former home, atelier, and reserve collection. Created in 1916, thanks to Auguste Rodin’s donation of his works and his collections to the French State, it opened in 1919. The artist’s international renown as the author of universally famous sculptures has contributed to the reputation of both places.
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia The collection of the State Hermitage includes more than three million works of art and artefacts of the world culture. Among them are paintings, graphic works, sculptures and works of applied art, archaeological finds and numismatic material.The main architectural ensemble of the Hermitage situated in the centre of St Petersburg consists of the Winter Palace, the former state residence of the Russian emperors, the buildings of the Small, Old (Great) and New Hermitages, the Hermitage Theatre and the Auxiliary House. The museum complex also includes the Menshikov Palace and the Eastern Wing of the General Staff building, the Staraya Derevnya Restoration and Storage Centre and the Museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory.
The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts (Russian: Музей изобразительных искусств им. А.С. Пушкина) is the largest museum of European art in Moscow, located in Volkhonka street, just opposite the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. The Pushkin Museum is still a main depositary of Troy’s the so-called Priam’s Treasure gold hoard removed from Troy by the German archaeologist,Heinrich Schliemann and later taken by the Soviet Army (Red Army) from the Pergamon Museum in Berlin; as well as other artifacts taken from Germany during the Soviet occupation at the end of the Second World War.
Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, The Nederlands A visit to the Van Gogh Museum is a unique experience. The museum contains the largest collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh in the world. It provides the opportunity to keep track of the artist’s developments, or compare his paintings to works by other artists from the 19th century in the collection. The museum also holds an extensive offer of exhibitions on various subjects from 19th-century art history.
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, The Nederlands At the Rijksmuseum, art and history take on new meaning for a broad-based, contemporary national and international audience.As a national institute, the Rijksmuseum offers a representative overview of Dutch art and history from the Middle Ages onwards, and of major aspects of European and Asian art.The Rijksmuseum keeps, manages, conserves, restores, researches, prepares, collects, publishes, and presents artistic and historical objects, both on its own premises and elsewhere.
Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp, Belgium The Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp is closed for renovation until the end of 2017. Consequently the holdings can, for the time being, not be displayed at the familiar building in Antwerp’s Zuid or ‘South’ quarter. Yet the collection remains close by and accessible. Selected highlights can be admired at various host venues in and around Antwerp. Here you will find all details for planning your visit to these exhibits.
Magritte Museum, Brussels, Belgium Opened in June, 2009, the Magritte Museum displays works of the surrealist artist for which it is named. Located in the heart of Brussels at the Place Royale, the museum is housed in the neo-classical landmark Altenloh Hotel, superbly restored in 1984 with the generous support of the Franco-Belgian group GDF SUEZ and the Magritte Foundation, and operates as part of the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium. Instantly popular, the museum welcomed over 500,000 visitors in its first year of operation.
Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain The Museo del Prado is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid. It features one of the world’s finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century, based on the former Spanish Royal Collection, and unquestionably the best single collection ofSpanish art. Founded as a museum of paintings and sculpture, it also contains important collections of other types of works. A new, recently opened wing enlarged the display area by about 400 paintings, and it is currently used mainly for temporary expositions. El Prado is one of the most visited sites in the world, and it is considered to be among the greatest museums of art.
Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain Instantly hailed as the most important structure of its time, Frank Gehry’s Guggenheim Museum Bilbao has celebrated more than a decade of extraordinary success. With over a hundred exhibitions and more than ten million visitors to its credit, the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao has changed the way people think about museums, and it continues to challenge assumptions about the connections between art, architecture, and collecting.
Museu Picasso, Barcelona, Spain The Picasso Museum in Barcelona is a key reference for understanding the formative years of Pablo Ruiz Picasso. The genius of the young artist is revealed through the 4,249 works that make up the permanent collection.
The Reina Sofia Museum, Madrid, Spain The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS, also called the Museo Reina Sofía,Queen Sofia Museum, El Reina Sofia, or simply The Sofia) is Spain’s national museum of 20th century art. The museum was officially inaugurated on September 10, 1992 and is named for Queen Sofia of Spain. The museum is mainly dedicated to Spanish art. Highlights of the museum include excellent collections of Spain’s two greatest 20th century masters, Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dalí. Certainly the most famous masterpiece in the museum is Picasso’s painting Guernica.
The British Museum, London, UK The British Museum was founded in 1753, the first national public museum in the world. From the beginning it granted free admission to all ‘studious and curious persons’. Visitor numbers have grown from around 5,000 a year in the eighteenth century to nearly 6 million today.
Tate Modern, London, UK It is Britain’s national gallery of international modern art and forms part of the Tate group (together with Tate Britain, Tate Liverpool, Tate St Ivesand Tate Online). It is the most-visited modern art gallery in the world, with around 4.7 million visitors per year. It is based in the former Bankside Power Station, in the Bankside area of Central London. Tate holds the national collection of British art from 1500 to the present day and international modern and contemporary art.
National Gallery, London, UK The National Gallery houses the national collection of Western European painting from the 13th to the 19th centuries. It is on show 361 days a year, free of charge. The Gallery aims to study and care for the collection, while encouraging the widest possible access to the pictures
Natural History Museum, London, UK Our vision is to advance our knowledge of the natural world, inspiring better care of our planet. Our mission is to maintain and develop our collections, and use them to promote the discovery, understanding, responsible use and enjoyment of the natural world. On 16 May, the Natural History Museum was voted the Best of the Best at the Museums and Heritage Awards for Excellence 2013 ceremony. We also won 3 other accolades for our exhibitions.
Tate Britain, London, UK Tate holds the national collection of British art from 1500 to the present day and international modern and contemporary art. Tate’s wo.rk ranges from conservation and research to learning and media. Tate projects range from major gallery developments to innovative research and conservation work.
The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK The Fitzwilliam Museum is the art and antiquities museum of the University of Cambridge, located onTrumpington Street opposite Fitzwilliam Street in central Cambridge, England. It receives around 300,000 visitors annually. Admission is free.
The Saatchi Gallery, London, UK The Saatchi Gallery aims to provide an innovative forum for contemporary art, presenting work by largely unseen young artists or by international artists whose work has been rarely or never exhibited in the UK.The audience for exhibitions of contemporary art has increased widely during the recent years as general awareness and interest in contemporary art has developed both in Britain and abroad.When The Saatchi Gallery first opened over twenty five years ago it was only those who had a dedicated interest in contemporary art who sought out the gallery to see work by new artists. The audience, however, built steadily over the years and by the time the gallery left its second home at County Hall, visitor numbers reached 600,000 per annum, with over 1,000 schools organising student visits. Many artists showing at The Saatchi Gallery are unknown when first exhibited, not only to the general public but also to the commercial art world. Many of these artists are subsequently offered shows by galleries and museums internationally. In this effect, the gallery also operates as a springboard for young artists to launch their careers.
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, UK Our collection of Scottish and international art is among the best in the world, and is housed in 3 sites across Edinburgh. We have 29 exhibitions to visit, 105 events to attend, and 3786 artworks online to explore. We are open daily and admission is free.
The Science Museum, London, UK The Science Museum is one of the three major museums on Exhibition Road, South Kensington,London in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. The museum is a major London tourist attraction, attracting 2.7 million visitors annually. Like other publicly funded national museums in the United Kingdom, the Science Museum does not charge for admission. Temporary exhibitions, however, do usually incur an admission fee. It is part of the Science Museum Group, having merged with the Museum of Science and Industry, Manchester in 2012.
Queen’s Gallery, London, UK The Queen’s Gallery is a public art gallery located at Buckingham Palace, home of the British monarch, in London. It exhibits works of art from the Royal Collection (i.e., those works owned by the Queen “in trust for the nation” rather than privately) on a rotating basis; about 450 works are on display at any one time.
Victoria & Albert Museum, London, UK The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A), London, is the world’s largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4.5 million objects. It was founded in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The museum is a non-departmental public bodysponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Like other national British museums, entrance to the museum has been free since 2001. The V&A covers 12.5 acres (51,000 m2) and 145 galleries. Its collection spans 5,000 years of art, from ancient times to the present day, from the cultures of Europe, North America, Asia and North Africa. The museum owns the world’s largest collection of post-classical sculpture, with the holdings of Italian Renaissance items being the largest outside Italy.
Ashmolean Museum Of Art & Archeology of the University of Oxford, Oxford, UK The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England, is the world’s first university museum. Its first building was built in 1678–1683 to house the cabinet of curiosities Elias Ashmole gave Oxford University in 1677. The museum reopened in 2009 after a major redevelopment. In November 2011 new galleries focusing on Egypt and Nubia were also unveiled.
Freud Museum, London, UK The Freud Museum, at 20 Maresfield Gardens in Hampstead, was the home of Sigmund Freud and his family when they escaped Nazi annexation of Austria in 1938. It remained the family home until Anna Freud, the youngest daughter, died in 1982. The centrepiece of the museum is Freud’s study, preserved just as it was during his lifetime.It contains Freud’s remarkable collection of antiquities: Egyptian; Greek; Roman and Oriental. Almost 2,000 items fill cabinets and are ranged on every surface. There are rows of ancient figures on the desk where Freud wrote until the early hours of the morning. The walls are lined with shelves containing Freud’s largelibrary.
Museums of Health & Medicine, London, UK The London Museums of Health & Medicine is a group that brings together some of the activities of several museums in London related to health and medicine. It was founded in 1991.
Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy The Uffizi Gallery is one of the most famous museums in the world given the rich amount of unique artworks and masterpieces conserved within its walls, the majority from the Renaissance period. Located in the heart of Florence, the Uffizi Gallery hosts works of art by great Italian artists such as Botticelli, Giotto, Cimabue, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and Raffaello, just to name a few of the most famous. Its large collection has works from all centuries but a large part dates back to the periods between the 12th and 17th centuries.
Vatican Museums, Vatican City, Rome, Italy The Vatican Museums (Italian: Musei Vaticani) are the museums of the Vatican City and are located within the city’s boundaries. They display works from the immense collection built up by the Roman Catholic Church throughout the centuries including some of the most renowned classical sculptures and most important masterpieces of Renaissance art in the world. Pope Julius II founded the museums in the early 16th century. The Sistine Chapel with its ceiling decorated by Michelangelo and the Stanze della Segnatura decorated by Raphael are on the visitor route through the Vatican Museums.
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy The Peggy Guggenheim Collection is among the most important museums in Italy for European and American art of the first half of the 20th century. It is located in Peggy Guggenheim’s former home, Palazzo Venier dei Leoni, on the Grand Canal in Venice. The museum presents Peggy Guggenheim’s personal collection, masterpieces from the Gianni Mattioli Collection, the Nasher Sculpture Garden, as well as temporary exhibitions. The Peggy Guggenheim Collection is owned and operated by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York, which also operates the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and which is a partner of the Basque Regional Government for the programming of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.
Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy The Borghese Gallery (Italian: Galleria Borghese) is an art gallery in Rome, Italy, housed in the former Villa Borghese Pinciana. It is a building that was from the first integral with its gardens, nowadays considered quite separately by tourists as the Villa Borghese gardens. The Galleria Borghese houses a substantial part of the Borghese collection of paintings, sculpture and antiquities, begun by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, the nephew of Pope Paul V (reign 1605–1621). The Villa was built by the architectFlaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese himself, who used it as a villa suburbana, a party villa at the edge of Rome.
Gallerie dell’ Accademia, Venice, Italy One of Europe’s great museums, this is an incomparable collection of Venetian painting, exhibited chronologically from the 13th to the 18th century. It’s one of the most richly stocked art museums in Italy, boasting hundreds of works by Bellini, Carpaccio, Giorgione, Titian, and Tintoretto.
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria The Kunsthistorisches Museum (English: “Museum of Art History”, also often referred to as the “Museum of Fine Arts”) is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building onRingstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome. The term Kunsthistorisches Museum applies to both the institution and the main building. It was opened around 1891 at the same time as the Naturhistorisches Museum, by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary. The two museums have identical exteriors and face each other acrossMaria-Theresien-Platz. Both buildings were built between 1872 and 1891 according to plans drawn up by Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer. The two Ringstraße museums were commissioned by the Emperor in order to find a suitable shelter for the Habsburgs’ formidable art collection and to make it accessible to the general public. The façadewas built of sandstone. The building is rectangular in shape, and topped with a dome that is 60 meters high. The inside of the building is lavishly decorated with marble, stucco ornamentations, gold-leaf, and paintings.
Sigmund Freud Museum, Vienna, Austria The Sigmund Freud Museum in Vienna is a museum founded in 1971 covering the Sigmund Freud’s life story. It is located in the Alsergrund district, at Berggasse 19. In 2003 the museum was put in the hands of the newly-established Sigmund Freud Foundation, which has since received the entire building as an endowment. It also covers the history of psychoanalysis.
The MuseumsQuartier, Vienna, Austria Enjoyment of Art and Joie de Vivre: With about 70 cultural facilities, the MuseumsQuartier Wien is one of the largest art and culture complexes in the world. The many courtyards, cafés, and shops throughout the complex lend it the additional quality of being an urban living room and an oasis of calm and recreation in the middle of the city. Historic buildings from the 18th and 19th century and contemporary museums form a unique architectural ensemble and create a special ambience. At the MuseumsQuartier Wien, the production and experience of art form an inseparable whole with recreation and relaxation.
Albertina, Vienna, Austria The Albertina is a museum in the Innere Stadt (First District) of Vienna, Austria. It houses one of the largest and most important print rooms in the world with approximately 65,000 drawings and approximately 1 million old master prints, as well as more modern graphic works, photographs and architectural drawings. Apart from the graphics collection the museum has recently acquired on permanent loan two significant collections of Impressionist and early 20th century art, some of which will be on permanent display. The museum also houses temporary exhibitions.
Gemaldegalerie, Berlin, Germany The Gemäldegalerie presides over one of the world’s finest collections of European art from the 13th to 18th century. After the collection was founded in 1830, it was systematically added to and perfected. The exhibition includes masterpieces by artists from every period up to the 18th century, including van Eyck, Bruegel, Dürer, Raphael, Tizian, Caravaggio, Rubens, Vermeer and Rembrandt.
Pergamon Museum, Berlin, Germany The Pergamon Museum (German: Pergamonmuseum) is situated on the Museum Island in Berlin. The site was designed by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was constructed in twenty years, from 1910 to 1930. The Pergamon houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar and the Market Gate of Miletus, all consisting of parts transported from Turkey. There is controversy over the legitimacy of the acquisition of the collection. It was suggested that the collection should be returned to Turkey (original country of the excavations).The museum is subdivided into the antiquity collection, the Middle East museum, and the museum of Islamic art. The museum is visited by approximately 1,135,000 people every year, making it the most visited art museum in Germany (2007).
Bauhaus Archive Museum of Design, Berlin, Germany The Bauhaus Archive / Museum of Design in Berlin is concerned with the research and presentation of the history and impact of the Bauhaus (1919-1933), the most important school of architecture, design, and art of the 20th century.It is the most complete existing collection focused on the history of the school and all aspects of its work and is accessible to all. The collection is housed in a building drafted by Walter Gropius, the founder of the school.
Berlinische Galerie Museum of Modern Art, Berlin, Germany The Berlinische Galerie is a museum of modern art, photography and architecture in Berlin. It is located inKreuzberg, on Alte Jakobstraße, not far from the Jewish Museum. The permanent and temporary exhibitions are displayed across two floors of the building; there is also an auditorium, an archive, a library, a study room, and an art school for children and adults. The oldest works in the Galerie’s ownership date from 1870. The museum’s visual art collection includes works by the Berlin Secession (Max Liebermann and Lovis Corinth), New Objectivity and Expressionism (Otto Dix, George Grosz and Hannah Höch), as well as Georg Baselitz, Wolf Vostell, and the Junge Wilde. The museum also owns a large graphic art collection (around 15,000 works) as well as photographs and architectural models, and sometimes hosts contemporary installations.
Max Ernst Museum Bruhl Des LVR, Bruhl, Germany The Max Ernst Museum Brühl des LVR is the first and only museum worldwide dedicated to the large œuvre of Max Ernst (1891-1976), artist of a century and cosmopolitan. It offers a review of the versatile work of the Dadaist and Surrealist whose imagery worlds are characterised by a stunning creativity and a remarkable force of inspiration – barely known with any other artist of the twentieth century.
The Pinakothek Museums, Munich, Germany The Alte Pinakothek (Engl. Old Pinakothek) is an art museum situated in the Kunstareal in Munich,Germany. It is one of the oldest galleries in the world and houses one of the most famous collections of Old Master paintings. The name (old Pinakothek) alludes to the time period covered by the art — the Neue Pinakothek covers 19th century art and the recently opened Pinakothek der Moderne exhibits modern art, all galleries are part of Munich’s “Kunstareal” (the “art area”).
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany The collection at Museum Ludwig covers the major currents and approaches in twentieth century and contemporary art. The core collection was amassed by a Cologne lawyer, Dr. Josef Haubrich (1889-1961). Directly after World War 2, in May 1946, he presented the City of Cologne with his Expressionism collection (Erich Heckel, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, August Macke, Otto Mueller) and works by other representatives of Classical Modernism (Marc Chagall, Otto Dix). In October 1946 a selection of 100 paintings was presented for the first time in the old University of Cologne.
Viking Ship Museum, Oslo, Norway The Viking Ship Museum (Norwegian: Vikingskipshuset på Bygdøy) is located at Bygdøy inOslo, Norway. It is part of the Museum of Cultural History of the University of Oslo, and houses archaeological finds from Tune, Gokstad (Sandefjord), Oseberg (Tønsberg) and theBorre mound cemetery. The main attractions at the Viking Ship Museum are the Oseberg ship, Gokstad ship and Tune ship. Additionally, the Viking Age display includes sledges, beds, a horse cart, wood carving, tent components, buckets and other grave goods. Many fully or nearly fully intact Viking ships are on display. Its most famous ship is the completely whole Oseberg ship.
The National Museum of Art, Architecture & Design, Oslo, Norway The first statutory board meeting of The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design was held on 11th February 2003. In July the same year, the museum was established as a foundation. This meeting marked the amalgamation of The Norwegian Museum of Architecture, The Museum of Decorative Arts and Design, The Museum of Contemporary Art and the National Gallery. Aims of the new museum are to “raise the level of knowledge about and commitment to the visual arts, architecture, the decorative arts and design, develop critical faculties, stimulate new perceptions, increased historical consciousness and tolerance of diversity”.
Munch Museum, Oslo, Norway The Munch Museum is a monographic art museum, dedicated to the life and work of the Norwegian artist Edvard Munch. In our museum at Tøyen, we have the world’s largest collection of Munch’s art, with almost 28 000 works of art in addition to personal effects, tools and even Edvard Munchs private library. Our collection of 28 000 artworks consist of 1 150 paintings, 17 800 prints, 7 700 drawings (including his 200 sketch-books), 21 sculptures and a number of photographs taken by Munch himself.
Vigeland Museum & Sculpture Park, Oslo, Norway The Vigeland Museum is the sculpture museum of Oslo. Our responsibilites and ambitions are two-folded. The Museum is dedicated to Gustav Vigeland. The main responsibilities is to take care of the heritage of Gustav Vigeland towards the public, and to preserve this for the coming generations. The majority of the Museum’s exhibition space is a presentation of Vigeland’s oeuvre. The Vigeland Park is the world’s largest sculpture park made by a single artist, and is one of Norway’s most popular tourist attractions. The park is open to visitors all year round. The unique sculpture park is Gustav Vigeland’s lifework with more than 200 sculptures in bronze, granite and wrought iron. Vigeland was also in charge of the design and architechtural layout of the park. The Vigeland Park was mainly completed between 1939 and 1949.
The Ateneum Art Museum, Helsinki, Finland The Ateneum is a major museum in Finland. It is located in the centre of Helsinki at theRautatientori square opposite Helsinki Central Railway Station. It has the biggest collections of classical art in Finland. Previously the Ateneum building also housed the Finnish Academy of Fine Arts and University of Art and Design Helsinki.
Design Museum, Helsinki, Finland Design Museum is a specialist museum in Finland that selects and maintains a 75 ooo object design collection. The museum is responsible for research and documentation in its field, and for holding exhibitions on design history and contemporary themes. The museum also organizes international touring exhibitions and events on Finnish art and design. Besides main premises at Design Museum, other premises and exhibition spaces are Arabia Museum, Iittala Glass Museum and Nuutajärvi Glass Museum.
KIASMA Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finland Kiasma’s programme includes exhibitions presenting Finnish and international contemporary art, collection displays, performances in the Kiasma Theatre, workshops, seminars and lectures.
National Gallery of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark Statens Museum for Kunst (English: “Statens Museum” or sometimes “National Gallery of Denmark”) is the Danish national gallery located in Copenhagen.The museum collects, registers, maintains, researches in and handles Danish and foreign art dating from the 14th century till the present day, mostly with their origins in western culture circles.
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebeak, Denmark Louisiana is an international museum with a considerable collection of modern art. The museum’s permanent collection includes more than 3000 works and is one of the largest in Scandinavia. It takes its point of departure in the period after 1945 including artists like Picasso, Giacometti, Dubuffet, Yves Klein, Andy Warhol, Rauschenberg, Henry Moore, Louise Bourgeois, Philip Guston, Morris Louis, Jorn, Baselitz, Polke, Kiefer, and Per Kirkeby.
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden Moderna Museet has one of the world’s finest collections of 20th and 21st century art. The photography collection goes back as far as 1840. Moderna Museet is commissioned to collect, preserve, exhibit and organise learning activities relating to all forms of 20th and 21st century art.
Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum orMuseum of Cairo, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptianantiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display, the remainder in storerooms.
Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo, Japan The Tokyo National Museum collects, houses, and displays a comprehensive collection of art works and antiquities from Japan as well as other Asian countries. The museum also conducts research and investigations concerning its collection of books, rubbings, and photographs, related to fine art, and makes these items available to scholars.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA The Metropolitan Museum of Art, located in New York City, is the largest art museum in the United States, and one of the three largest in the world, with the most significant art collections. Its permanent collection contains more than two million works, divided among seventeen curatorial departments. The main building, located on the eastern edge of Central Park along Manhattan’s Museum Mile, is by area one of the world’s largest art galleries. There is also a much smaller second location at “The Cloisters” in Upper Manhattan that features medieval art. Represented in the permanent collection are works of art from classical antiquity and Ancient Egypt, paintings and sculptures from nearly all the European masters, and an extensive collection ofAmerican and modern art. The Met also maintains extensive holdings of African, Asian, Oceanic, Byzantine, and Islamic art. The museum is also home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments, costumes and accessories, and antique weapons and armor from around the world. Several notable interiors, ranging from 1st-century Rome through modern American design, are permanently installed in the Met’s galleries. The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870 by a group of American citizens. The founders included businessmen and financiers, as well as leading artists and thinkers of the day, who wanted to open a museum to bring art and art education to the American people. It opened on February 20, 1872, and was originally located at 681 Fifth Avenue.
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, on 53rd Street, between Fifth and Sixth Avenues. It has been important in developing and collectingmodernist art, and is often identified as the most influential museum of modern art in the world. The museum’s collection offers an overview of modern and contemporary art, including works ofarchitecture and design, drawings, painting, sculpture, photography, prints, illustrated books andartist’s books, film, and electronic media.MoMA’s library and archives hold over 300,000 books, artist books, and periodicals, as well as individual files on more than 70,000 artists. The archives contain primary source material related to the history of modern and contemporary art. It also houses a restaurant, The Modern, run by Alsace-born chef Gabriel Kreuther. It is considered one of the “big five” modern art museums in the U.S.
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA The Art Institute of Chicago (AIC) is an encyclopedic art museum located in Chicago’s Grant Park. It has a collection of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art in its permanent collection. Its holdings also include American art, Old Masters, European and American decorative arts, Asian art, modern andcontemporary art, and architecture and industrial and graphic design. It is located at 111 South Michigan Avenue in the Chicago Landmark Historic Michigan Boulevard District. The museum is associated with the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and is overseen by Director and President Douglas Druick. At one million square feet, it is the second largest art museum in the United States, after the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA The National Gallery of Art and its Sculpture Garden are a national art museum in Washington, D.C., located on the National Mall, between 3rd and 9th Streets, at Constitution Avenue NW. Open to the public and free of charge, the museum was privately established in 1937 for the people of the United States of America by a joint resolution of the United States Congress. Andrew W. Mellon donated a substantial art collection and funds for construction. The core collection also includes major works of art donated by Paul Mellon, Ailsa Mellon Bruce, Lessing J. Rosenwald, Samuel Henry Kress, Rush Harrison Kress, Peter Arrell Brown Widener, Joseph E. Widener, and Chester Dale. The Gallery’s collection of paintings, drawings, prints, photographs, sculpture, medals, and decorative arts traces the development of Western Art from the Middle Ages to the present, including the only painting byLeonardo da Vinci in the Americas and the largest mobile ever created by Alexander Calder.The Gallery’s campus includes the original neoclassical West Building designed by John Russell Pope, which is linked underground to the modern East Building, designed by I. M. Pei, and the 6.1-acre (25,000 m2) Sculpture Garden. The Gallery often presents temporary special exhibitions spanning the world and the history of art.
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA The Philadelphia Museum of Art is among the largest art museums in the United States. It has collections of more than 227,000 objects that include “world-class holdings of European and American paintings, prints, drawings, and decorative arts.” The Main Building is visited by more than 800,000 people annually, and is located at the west end of Philadelphia’s Benjamin Franklin Parkway. Other museum sites include the Rodin Museum, also located on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway; theRuth and Raymond G. Perelman Building, across the street from the Main Building; and historic houses in Fairmount Park. The Perelman Building opened in 2007, and houses some of the more popular collections, as well as the Museum’s library, with over 200,000 books and periodicals, and 1.6 million other documents.
Smithsonian Institution Museums, Washington, DC, USA The Smithsonian Institution—the world’s largest museum and research complex—includes 19 museums and galleries and the National Zoological Park.Most Smithsonian museums and the National Zoo are free and open every day of the year except December 25. For a complete list of hours see the information on planning your visit or select a museum from the list.
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, USA The J. Paul Getty Museum, a program of the J. Paul Getty Trust, is an art museum in California. It has two locations in Los Angeles, USA, the Getty Villa in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood, and the main museum, The Getty Center, in the Brentwood neighborhood. The Getty Center contains a collection of “Western art from the Middle Ages to the present.” Its estimated 1.3 million visitors annually make it one of the most visited museums in the United States. The museum at the Getty Villa contains art from “ancient Greece, Rome, and Etruria”.
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the largest museums in the United States. It contains more than 450,000 works of art, making it one of the most comprehensive collections in the Americas. With more than one million visitors a year, it is (as of 2012) the 31st most-visited art museum in the world and the fifth most-visited in the United States. Founded in 1870, the museum moved to its current location in 1909. The museum is affiliated with an art academy, the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, and a sister museum, the Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts, in Nagoya, Japan.
Harvard University Art Museums, Boston, USA Now that our galleries are closed, the Harvard Art Museums are busier than ever: we are now entering the ﬁnal phases of the renovation and expansion of our historic facility at 32 Quincy Street, where our three museums—the Fogg, Busch-Reisinger, and Arthur M. Sackler—will at long last be united under one roof. This also means that we are entering the ﬁnal planning stages for the robust public and educational programs that will take place in the Harvard Art Museums when we reopen in fall 2014.
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, USA The Yale University Art Gallery houses a significant and encyclopedic collection of art in several buildings on the campus of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Although it embraces all cultures and periods, the Gallery possesses especially renowned collections of early Italian painting, Africansculpture, and modern art. Its holdings of American decorative and fine arts are amongst the best in existence.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (often referred to as “The Guggenheim”) is a well-known art museum located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City. It is the permanent home of a renowned and continuously expanding collection of Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, early Modern and contemporary art and also features special exhibitions throughout the year. The museum was established by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation in 1939 as the Museum of Non-Objective Painting, under the guidance of its first director, the artist Hilla von Rebay. It adopted its current name after the death of its founder, Solomon R. Guggenheim, in 1952. Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, the cylindrical museum building, wider at the top than the bottom, was conceived as a “temple of the spirit” and is one of the 20th century’s most important architectural landmarks. The building opened on October 21, 1959, replacing rented spaces used by the museum since its founding. Its unique ramp gallery extends from just under the skylight in the ceiling in a long, continuous spiral along the outer edges of the building until it reaches the ground level. The building underwent extensive expansion and renovations from 1992 to 1993 (when an adjoining tower was built) and from 2005 to 2008. The museum’s collection has grown organically, over eight decades, and is founded upon several important private collections, beginning with Solomon R. Guggenheim’s original collection. The collection is shared with the museum’s sister museums in Bilbao, Spain, and elsewhere.
The Frick Collection, New York, USA The Frick is one of the preeminent small art museums in the US, with a high-quality collection of old master paintings and fine furniture housed in 6 galleries within the formerly occupied residential mansion. Many of the paintings are still arranged according to Frick’s design.The collection features some of the best-known paintings by major European artists, as well as numerous works of sculpture and porcelain. It also has 18th century French furniture, Limoges enamel, and Oriental rugs.
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA Founded in 1979, MOCA is the only museum in Los Angeles devoted exclusively to contemporary art. It is committed to the collection, presentation, and interpretation of work produced since 1940 in all media, and to preserving that work for future generations. In a remarkably short time, MOCA has developed one of the nation’s most renowned permanent collections. Now numbering over 5,000 works and steadily growing, this invaluable cultural resource provides extensive opportunities for education and enjoyment to thousands of national and international visitors. Today the museum is housed in three unique facilities: MOCA Grand Avenue, The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA, and MOCA Pacific Design Center.
Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, USA With two locations, the Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego (MCASD) is the region’s foremost forum devoted to the exploration and presentation of the art of our time, presenting works across all media created since 1950. Located in the heart of downtown San Diego and in the coastal community of La Jolla, MCASD provides an unprecedented variety of exhibition spaces and experiences for the community, showcasing an internationally recognized collection and a dynamic schedule ofexhibitions and public programs.
The San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, USA The San Diego Museum of Art, the region’s oldest, largest and most visited art museum, provides a rich and diverse cultural experience for almost 250,000 visitors annually. Located in the heart of beautiful Balboa Park, the Museum’s nationally renowned permanent collection includes Spanish and Italian old masters, South Asian paintings, and 19th- and 20th-century American paintings and sculptures.In addition, the Museum regularly features major exhibitions from around the world, as well as an extensive year-round schedule of supporting cultural and educational programs for children and adults. Exhibition text is always in English and Spanish. The Museum’s research library offers access to an extensive collection of art history publications.
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA, USA The Addison Gallery’s collection of American art is one of the most comprehensive in the world, including more than 17,000 objects spanning the 18th century to the present. In a typical year, the Addison presents approximately twelve shows, including both permanent collection installations and major traveling exhibitions, carefully balanced to represent a wide range of art, across time and media.
Museum of Bad Art, Dedham, MA, USA The Museum Of Bad Art (MOBA) is the world’s only museum dedicated to the collection, preservation, exhibition and celebration of bad art in all its forms. MOBA was founded in the fall of 1993 and presented its first show in March 1994. The response was overwhelming. Since then, MOBA’s collection and ambitions have grown exponentially. The Museum Of Bad Art (MOBA) is a community-based, private institution dedicated to the collection, preservation, exhibition and celebration of bad art in all its forms and in all its glory. Initially, MOBA was housed in the basement of a private home in Boston. This meager exhibition space limited the museum to being a regional cultural resource for the New England area.
Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA, USA The Sterling & Francine Clark Art Institute, usually referred to simply as “The Clark”, is an art museum with a large and varied collection located in Williamstown, Massachusetts, United States. Along with the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art (MassMoCA) and the Williams College Museum of Art (WCMA), it forms a trio of significant art museums and resources in the north of The Berkshires. In June 2008 it expanded with the addition of the Stone Hill Center, a 32,000-square-foot (3,000 m2) building designed by Tadao Ando on a nearby wooded hillside that contains exhibition space and a conservation studio. The Clark has the dual role of serving as a museum and a research institute, and is home to the Research and Academic Program, directed by Michael Ann Holly, which offers semester-long fellowships to scholars and hosts many public lectures throughout the year. It is also the seat of the Williams College Graduate Program in the History of Art.
Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, USA With origins dating to the 1750s, the Princeton University Art Museum is one of the world’s leading university art museums with collections of more than 80,000 works of art that range from ancient to contemporary art and concentrate geographically on the Mediterranean regions, Western Europe, China, the United States and Latin America.